The whole modern-age Serbia is home to many traces of the past and pristine civilizations. Numerous archaeological sites contain evidence bearing witness to human occupation back into prehistoric times, through the Roman period and the middle ages. Some of the major, already excavated, archaeological sites include Viminacium, Sirmium, Gamzigrad and Mediana.
Explore the spectacular archaeological attractions within the territory of Serbia…
Viminacium – A Town of Old Roman Empire and A Military Camp
Viminacium was a military camp and the capital of Roman province Upper Mesia. It is situated 4 km from the confluence of the Mlava into the Danube and 12 km from Pozarevac.
The most important remains of the town lie on the right bank of the Mlava where once were a military camp and a settlement from late I century. Christ’s monogram from II century was discovered in Viminacium and represents the oldest proof of early Christianity in this region.
Itineraria Romana Serbia – Serbia, Country of 17 Roman Emperors
In Viminacium there are emperor Hostelian’s mausoleum, temples, thermal baths, the north gate of the military camp, an aquaduct and recently discovered Roman pantheon and amphitheater. The importance of Viminacium is its extraordinary strategic position for the defense of northern borders of the Roman Empire, the complex of transport communications and trade. There were small trading and craftwork settlements next to the camp.
The settlement on the left bank of the Mlava grew into a city in the first half of II century during the reign of Hadrian, whilst Viminacium becomes a colony during the reign of Gordian III. It was granted the right for copper coin minting in 239 . The Huns destroyed the city in V century 440. Justinian I reconstructed Viminacium in 535 building an additional small military fortification. Traces of that settlement with wide streets, squares, theaters, baths, plumbing and city walls could still be seen in XIX century.
Nowadays, the only remains such as marble sculptures, tombstones and sarcophagus, jewellry and pottery are in the National Museums in Pozarevac and Belgrade. There are expert guides all year round and a dozen of Roman carriages at the site. There is a Roman tavern to have a drink or two. Souvenir shops sell wine, pottery and jewelry. Many tourists from all over the world have visited Viminacium by the Danube.
We are certain that Viminacium will enchant you.