There are around 700 sorts of wines, which according to the colour are devided into white, rose and red. Wines can be: high quality with geographical origin, good quality with geographical origin, table wines with geographical origin and table wines.The most frequent sorts of grapes of which the high qualityred wine is made are: Cabernet Sauvignon, Game, Burgundy, Merlot, Pinot Noir, all from France and Vranac and Prokupac indigenous sorts.
The History of Viticulture and Wine Production in Serbia
The beginning of viticulture in Serbia is connected to Marcus Aurelius Probus Roman Emperor , born in Srem, a Roman imperial city of Sirmium in 232. Probus planted the wine line on the slopes of the Alma Monsa (Fruska Gora) around Sirmium, and so began the history of viticulture and wine production in Serbia.
The history of Serbian wine production is longer than 1000 years – from the beginning of Serbian state in the 8th and 9th century, and mostly during the reign of Nemanjic dinasty, from the 11th to the 14th century. Serbian rulers especially cultivated the culture of cultivation of wine. At the time of the Emperor Dusan the Law on wine production and its quality was adopted, which was witnessed by the “Stefan Prvovencani Charter”. The Emperor Dusan had big vineyards and royal cellar around Prizren. At the time of the Emperor Dusan the wine was delivered from the vineyards and cellars in Velika Hoca with ceramic wine pipes 25 km long to the royal cellars in the capital city of Prizren. In medieval Serbia wine goblet was everything dialog, agreement, oath, warning, promise, law and custom.
Serbian rulers were responsible for the development of vineyards and wine production and in modern times, especially the King Petar Karadjordjevic the First and his son Alexandar. They grew in central Serbia on Oplenac hill near Topola at the beginning of the 19th century dozens of hectares of vineyards and cellar in which the high quality wine was produced. In the 19th century from Negotinska Krajina – Rajacka Pimnica good quality wine was produced and exported to France, Austro-Hungary, Germany, Switzerland, and Romania.
Srem as a vineyard region is one of the oldest and the most important in this part of Europe. Sremski Karlovci city –monument of wine gained world fame thanks to the wine drunk throughout Europe and the world. Wine cellars in Sremski Karlovci and Irig are something special.
Most of the vineyards are located along the three rivers – Juzna, Zapadna and Velika Morava and in central Serbia along the rivers Sava, Danube and Tisa in Vojvodina..Wine regions of Serbia are Srem region with vineyards of Fruska Gora, Banat region, Subotica-Horgos region, Timok region, Nis -Juzna Morava region, Zapadna Morava region, Sumadija and Velika Morava region and Pocerski region.